Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery that removes excess fat from the body and improves the body contour, and it is, therefore, very used to quickly eliminate localized fat from places such as the belly, thighs, arms or chin, for example.
Although the best results are obtained on people with localized fat, since the quantity to remove is less, this technique can also be used by those who are trying to lose weight, although the greater motivation should not be this. In these cases, surgery should only be performed after you if you start a regular plan of physical exercise and adopt healthy food habits.
In addition, liposuction can be performed both in men and women, using local anesthesia, epidural or general, and their risks are common to any other surgery. It is always used the serum and adrenaline to prevent bleeding and embolism.
Who has the best results
Although it can be made in almost all people, even in women who are still breastfeeding or in people who are easily scar queloide, the best results are achieved in people who:
Are in sure weight, but have some localized fat in a specific area;
Are slightly overweight, up to 5 Kg;
Are overweight with a BMI up to 30 Kg/m2, and can not eliminate fat only with diet and exercise plan. Find out what your BMI here.
In the cases of people who have a BMI greater than 30 Kg/m2 there is an increased risk of complications of this type of surgery and, for that reason, you should try to lose weight before doing the surgery.
In addition, liposuction should not be used as the only method to lose weight, because, if this happens, there are high chances that the person re-gaining the weight that you had before the surgery. This happens because the surgery does not prevent the recurrence of new fat cells, which usually happens when there is adoption of a more balanced diet and practice regular exercise.
Who should not do
Due to the increased risk of complications, liposuction should be avoided in:
People over 60 years of age;
Patients with a BMI greater or equal to 30.0 Kg/m2;
Individuals with a history of heart problems such as heart attack or STROKE;
Patients with anemia or other changes in the blood test;
Patients with chronic diseases such as lupus or diabetes severe, for example.
Who is a smoker or suffers with HIV can do liposuction, but also has a greater risk of developing complications during or after surgery.
In this way, it is very important to have a consultation with an experienced surgeon before experiencing the surgery, to assess the whole clinical history and identify if the benefits are greater than the risk of surgery.
After the surgery
In the first 2 days after surgery you should stay at home, resting. It is recommended to use a brace or band that you press the area well operated and in the days following must be performed manual lymphatic drainage with a physical therapist.
It is also recommended to walk about 10 to 15 minutes per day to improve the blood circulation in the legs. After 15 days you can do light exercises, they must go on progressing until you complete 30 days. During this phase of recovery, it is normal that some areas are more swollen than others and, therefore, to evaluate the results you should expect, at a minimum, 6 months.