Texas is the second largest US state in terms of area and has the second largest population after California. This means that Texas will play an important role in the presidential election.
- Texas has the fastest growing population, more than 50% of which is a minority.
- It is in this state that the oldest artifacts related to human life have been found on the continent.
- Texas wrote part of its history as a region of neighboring Mexico.
Austin – The history of what would later become the US state of Texas began as early as 1519 when the Spaniard Alonso Alvarez de Pineda discovered the coast and began to settle it. Even then, many congregations and missions sprang up in what is now the state. In the meantime the French tried to settle in this region. However, they failed due to disease and attacks by the Indians.
In 1821, Texas became part of the independent state of Mexico, which was no longer part of Spain. Tensions developed between the Mexicans and the American settlers, as a result of which the Texan War of Independence broke out. The settlers wanted to become part of the United States.
It was founded on March 2, 1836, when the settlers, relying on the support of their compatriots, proclaimed the Free Republic of Texas. In the end, the Americans annexed the country and Texas became a US state on December 29, 1845.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Overview of state Texas, including major cities and most commonly used abbreviations of Texas.
Texas: Geography and Major Cities
The geography in Texas is roughly divided into three zones. In the west of the state there is a dry continental climate. In the south the climate is subtropical, while in the east it is maritime to temperate subtropical. In terms of landscape and geology, there are considerably smaller regions that differ significantly. Texas borders the following states:
- Mexico (external border of the USA)
- New Mexico
Texas has the second largest population of any US state. According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the cities are correspondingly large. Eight cities alone have more than 300, 000 inhabitants. The most populous municipalities include:
- Houston (approximately 2. 1 million inhabitants)
- San Antonio (about 1. 3 million inhabitants)
- Dallas (around 1. 2 million inhabitants)
In comparison, the capital Austin, with around 800, 000 residents, is almost a “small town”.
Texas population and economy
As of the 2010 US Census, Texas had a population of 25, 145, 651. For 2017, experts are assuming an increase of over 3 million. The residents of the US state are mixed and composed as follows:
- 3% white (excluding Hispanics and Latinos)
- 8% African American
- 6% Hispanics
- 8% Asians
- 1% Hawaiian or native to the Pacific Islands
- 7% Indians
- 7% belonging to two or more groups
Thus 50. 2% of the population belong to minorities.
The economy in Texas is dominated by the petroleum industry. No other state produces so much oil. The main industries include:
- Extraction of oil and natural gas
- Agriculture (cotton, wheat, rice, citrus fruits, oats, corn, vegetables)
- Livestock breeding and husbandry (cattle, sheep)
- Food production
- Aerospace Industry
- Electronic industry
Elections in Texas
The US state of Texas is for the elections extremely important by the President in the US. Because the state currently has 38 electors, the number of which is steadily increasing, as the population is not growing faster in any state.
Although the residents of Texas have very different origins, they have been voting strictly conservatively for around 50 years. The Republicans usually win by a clear margin over the Democrats. The latter have only a few strongholds in Texas. Our article on the latest facts and figures shows you what the chances of the two challengers stand for the 2020 US election.
The very conservative attitude has consequences. The US state is notable for its frequent imposition and execution of the death penalty, and nowhere in the US are there more children who do not have health insurance. In Texas, 14% of minors have to do without this protection.