Ohio – the US state lies on the border with Canada. Its landscape shows traces of the Ice Age and early cultures. Ohio is a typical swing state.
- Ohio is a US state in the Midwest.
- The voting behavior of the population makes Ohio a swing state.
- Geological and cultural relics shape the landscape.
Columbus – The US state Ohio with its capital Columbus lies on the Canadian border. The state in the Midwest has a landscape of great historical value. For example, there are many traces of the first regional cultures such as ground monuments (“mounds”) of pre-Columbian Indian tribes.
Today Ohio Indians make up 0. 8 percent of the population, while most of the residents are white. The residents of Ohio benefit from a reliably strong economy and show changeable voting behavior. Most recently, they voted for the Republicans.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Overview of state Ohio, including major cities and most commonly used abbreviations of Ohio.
Ohio founding and history
When the white colonialists arrived in what is now Ohio, several Indian tribes lived there. In the 18th century the French established a controlled trade between them and the Europeans. After the end of the “French and Indian War” (1754 to 1763) France had to cede the area to the British. They kept it until July 4th, 1776, when the US declared independence.
The establishment of an independent state finally took place in 1803 – when US President Thomas Jefferson accepted Ohio as the 17th state in the USA.
In the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), the strategically important state suffered heavy losses: historians speak of around 35, 000 Ohio citizens killed.
Ohio: Geography and Cities
The US state Ohio borders Canada in the north. The border lies in Lake Erie, which is one of the five largest lakes in the USA. In the other directions – from east to west – the US states Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Michigan border.
The east of the US state is part of the “Appalachian Plateau”, the south is slightly hilly. A special feature can be seen in the west: Here the last Ice Age left so-called ground and terminal moraines as elevations.
According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, all of Ohio is fairly evenly populated with cities. These are the five largest based on the number of inhabitants (status: US Census 2010):
- Columbus (787, 033 inhabitants)
- Cleveland (population 396, 815)
- Cincinnati (296, 943 inhabitants)
- Toledo (287. 208 inhabitants)
- Akron (199, 110 inhabitants)
Ohio: Population and Economy
Around 11. 69 million people live in the US state (as of: US Census 2019). The majority of the population in Ohio are white. 25. 7 percent of the population have German roots – they have a strong influence on the state’s culture. The name “German Village” of a district of Columbus is no coincidence. According to the US Census 2010, the population structure is composed as follows:
- Whites (84. 5 percent)
- African American (13. 4 percent)
- Asians (2. 1 percent)
- Others (1. 5 percent)
- Indians (0. 8 percent)
The economy in Ohio is strong: in 2016, the economic performance was the seventh highest in the United States. The economic focus is on the secondary sector – with, for example, mechanical engineering, metal processing and rubber products. The primary sector is also relevant, as Ohio is part of the “Corn Belt” – this consists of US regions that have been growing mainly corn for a long time. Another economic pillar of Ohio is the emerging tourism industry: thanks to numerous archaeological sites, the “Maumee Bay State Park” and the large amusement park “ Cedar Point ”.
Ohio: The State’s Voting Behavior
The state of Ohio has so far produced eight US presidents in the elections and shares first place with Virginia on this point. Ohio is a typical “swing state” – so both parties have a similarly good chance of winning. Since the 20th century, there have been fluctuations in the results of the presidential elections.
Ohio is one of the most competitive “swing states” because it has a comparatively high number of 18 electors and can thus significantly influence the overall election result. In the last election year, Republicans were just ahead with 51. 69 percent of the vote. Also this year there should be a close race in Ohio. You can find out whether there are tendencies for one of the two candidates before the election in our article on the current surveys.