North Carolina is known to many because of the films from the old southern states like “Torches in the Storm” or “Gone with the Wind”. The 7th state of the USA has done pioneering work in a number of areas.
- In North Carolina, the first British baby was born on American territory.
- The US state has developed into an important location for the economy.
- The change in society is also noticeable in the elections.
Raleigh – North Carolina is one of the oldest states in the United States. He can boast some first achievements in his history. This includes the Wright brothers’ first independent flight with a powered aircraft. In addition, Virginia Dare, the first English baby on American soil, was born here in 1587. The University of North Carolina was the first university in the United States.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Overview of state North Carolina, including major cities and most commonly used abbreviations of North Carolina.
North Carolina Foundation and Other History Milestones
Before it was settled by the Europeans, North Carolina was Indian land. Many different tribes lived here such as the Cherokee and the Algonquin. Giovanni da Verrazzano reached this area in 1524 looking for a passage to the Pacific. This is how the recent history of this North American area began:
- In 1584 the area on the east coast became an English colony for the first time by a decree of Elizabeth I, but the first attempts at settlement by Sir Walter Raleigh
- In 1663, King Charles II of England founded a new province in what is now North and South Carolina and named it after his father, Charles I, Carolina.
- In 1701 the province was divided into the areas of South Carolina and North Carolina.
- In 1776 North Carolina was the first of a total of 13 colonies to secede from England.
- In 1783 America was recognized as an independent state at the Peace of Paris.
- On November 21, 1789 took place establishment of the State of North Carolina.
- In the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865 North Carolina joined the Confederate and withdrew from the United States.
- On July 4, 1868, North Carolina rejoined the United States and accepted the new constitution with the prohibition of slavery.
North Carolina Geography and Location
North Carolina is geographically divided into the three climate zones coast, mountain region and Piedmont plateau.
The US state borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, and Virginia to the north.
North Carolina: These are the biggest cities
According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the capital of North Carolina is Raleigh with approximately 474, 069 inhabitants. It was named in honor of Sir Walter Raleigh. Other important cities are:
- Charlotte with 885, 708 inhabitants
- Greensboro with 296, 710 residents
- Durham with a population of 278, 993
North Carolina – the population
The population of North Carolina is composed of the following groups:
- 74 percent white
- 7 percent African-Americans
- 7 percent Latinos
- 9 percent Asian
- 2 percent Indians
North Carolina: The 7th State Economy
The economy of North Carolina is well positioned especially in these areas:
- Agriculture with tobacco growing and processing
- Finance and banking
- Well-known research and industrial companies such as Merck or Bayer AG
- Military with bases and suppliers
North Carolina – from the stronghold to the swing state
North Carolina was firmly in the hands of the Democrats until the mid-20th century. From 1968, the majority in the elections relied on the Republicans.
In recent years there has been renewed movement in the voting behavior of the population. Sun won Barack Obama in 2008 in this US state. In 2012 and 2016, the Republicans narrowly recaptured the lead. This is why North Carolina is now considered a swing state, where it will remain open until the end who will win the 2020 presidential election.
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site protects the site of the Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement on the North American continent. A colony of about 112 men, women, and children settled on Roanoke Island more than 400 years ago, seeking to become the first permanent settlement of white people in the New World. Although their subsequent fate is unknown, their courage, dreams and ideals have become symbols of America.
Fort Raleigh NHS is located in a quiet wooded area on the north end of Roanoke Island. There is also the Lindsay Warren Center, where visitors can watch a short film about the history of the area, as well as view the museum’s collections. The Elizabethan Gardens, which are managed by the Garden Club of North Carolina, are also part of the historic site. The gardens cover an area of more than 10 acres and include a replica Tudor gate. Entrance to the gardens is subject to a fee.
Fort Raleigh was designated a historic site on April 5, 1941. Like other sites maintained by the National Park Service, Fort Raleigh has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since October 15, 1966. Since 1937, a theater performance called “The Lost Colony” has been held here regularly, which is intended to bring the audience closer to the difficult life of immigrants in America at that time.