Maryland is one of the wealthiest US states and can look back on an eventful history. Everything you need to know from founding a company to voting behavior.
- Former lands of Maryland now form the US seat of government, Washington DC
- “Star-Spangled Banner”, the national anthem of the USA, was created during the Civil War during the battle for a fort in Maryland.
- Maryland has the oldest Catholic cathedral in the United States.
Annapolis – The US state of Maryland has a very diverse landscape. That is why many call it “America in miniature”. Its official nickname, however, is “Old Line State”, which goes back to the War of Independence and the bravely fighting troops of this state.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Overview of state Maryland, including major cities and most commonly used abbreviations of Maryland.
Maryland and its history
Maryland takes its name from the wife of King Charles I of England. Lord Baltimore received this land from the Crown in 1632 with permission to cultivate it and named it after Queen Henrietta Maria. The colonial history of the US state begins with this possession:
- The first settlers came to Maryland in 1634.
- Since the colony was the only one on the east coast to be Catholic, there were repeated arguments with its strictly Protestant neighbors in the course of the 17th century.
- It was in Maryland that the first Catholic diocese was established and the first Catholic cathedral in North American history was built.
- In 1760, the famous Mason-Dixon Line was drawn in Maryland as the new state border, as the old line had led to violent territorial disputes.
- In 1776 Maryland broke away from Great Britain and fought as one of the 13 colonies in the American Revolutionary War.
- 1788 it came to the establishment of the State of Maryland.
- In 1791, parts of the US states Virginia and Maryland were removed from which the District Columbia with Washington DC, capital of the USA, emerged.
- In 1812 Maryland was involved in the British-American War, in whose turmoil Francis Scott Key wrote the poem “Star-Spangled Banner”, which later became the national anthem of the USA.
- During the Civil War from 1861 to 1865, Maryland fought for the Union.
- In 1864 slavery was abolished in the US state under the new American constitution.
Maryland – Geography and Features
Maryland is on the east coast of North America. It is bordered by Delaware to the northeast and Pennsylvania to the north. To the south and southwest are Virginia and Washington DC
With the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland has the largest estuary in the USA. It also offers an extremely multifaceted topography, from sandy beaches to swamps and plains to hills and mountains.
Maryland: The most important cities at a glance
The capital Annapolis is one of the smaller cities of Maryland with 38, 394 inhabitants. According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the most populous metropolitan areas in this US state are:
- Baltimore with approx. 620, 961 inhabitants
- Columbia with about 99, 615 inhabitants
- Germantown with approx. 86, 395 inhabitants
Maryland population and population
In Maryland there are around 6, 046, 000 inhabitants. That corresponds to 188 people per square kilometer.
The population is made up as follows:
- 5 percent white
- 1 percent black
- 7 percent Asian
- 6 percent Indians
- 1 percent from the Pacific region
- A good 2. 3 percent belong to several population groups
Maryland – important parts of the economy
Maryland has one of its main sources of income from fishing on the 300-kilometer-long Chesapeake Bay. In addition there is arable farming and cattle breeding as well as an extensive industrial center around Baltimore. The economy benefits primarily from the mechanical engineering, biotechnology, medical and electrical engineering, coal mining, printing and publishing, chemical products and tourism sectors.
Maryland and the Elections: History and Current Trends
Maryland is a typical “Blue State” and a stronghold of the Democrats in the elections. Since the 1960s, almost all of the Democratic candidates have won the presidential elections. Only in 1972, 1980 and 1984 could the Republicans make the race here.
The reason for this democratic attitude of the population is the high proportion of African-Americans. Joe Biden is the favorite for the 2020 elections. He has already won the primaries by a large margin over Donald Trump.