Louisiana is a US state whose economy is dominated by power generation. The elections have been in favor of the Republicans since 2000.
- Louisiana is a US state on the Gulf of Mexico.
- The history of Louisiana is shaped by French and English influences.
- The elections have always been the same since 2000.
Baton Rouge – In the south of the USA, directly on the Gulf of Mexico, is the US state Louisiana with its capital Baton Rouge. He is one of the southern states of the USA. Louisiana’s location on an estuary not only ensures a subtropical climate, but has also given the state two unofficial nicknames: “Bayou State” and “Pelican State”. The official name of Louisiana, however, goes back to Louis XIV of France. For historical reasons there is no official language in Louisiana – French and English apply.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Overview of state Louisiana, including major cities and most commonly used abbreviations of Louisiana.
Louisiana Foundation and History
The Spaniard Hernando de Soto was the first to explore the golf area: from 1539 to 1542. In 1682, the French Robert Cavelier de La Salle continued the exploration – with the result that France founded a colony in what is now Louisiana. A turning point in French colonial rule was the uprising of the Natchez Indians against the French from 1729 to 1763. The dispute severely weakened Louisiana’s economy.
In 1803 the then US President Thomas Jefferson bought the colony from France. The founding of the modern state took place in 1812, when Louisiana became the 18th US state. During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865) Louisiana was a member of the Southern Union.
Louisiana: Geography and Cities
The US state borders three others: Arkansas to the north, Texas to the west, and Mississippi to the east. The Gulf of Mexico forms the southern border. Louisiana has a total area of 134, 264 square kilometers – of which, however, 21, 440 square kilometers are body of water.
These are the reason that Louisiana is largely made up of wetlands. The only significant elevation in Louisiana is Driskill Mountain in the north of the state. There are several cities in Louisiana. According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the following five are the largest based on the number of inhabitants (status: Census 2010):
- New Orleans (343, 829 residents)
- Baton Rouge (229, 493 inhabitants)
- Shreveport (199, 311 inhabitants)
- Lafayette (120, 623 inhabitants)
- Lake Charles (71, 993 inhabitants)
Louisiana: Population and Economy
4. 649 million people live in the US state on the Gulf of Mexico (as of the US Census 2019). The majority of the population are white, whose ancestors are predominantly French or Creoles. Today, however, French is the mother tongue of only 4. 7 percent. The population groups are represented as follows (as of: US Census 2010):
- Whiteness: 32. 0 percent
- African American: 32. 0 percent
- Hispanics / Latinos: 1. 5 percent
- Indians: 0. 7 percent
Louisiana has a weak economy compared to the other US states : In 2017, the median household income was the second lowest in the US. The focus of the economy is the secondary sector: Louisiana is the second largest oil and natural gas producer in the USA. In the primary sector, meat, dairy and fish products are important. In addition, tourism is important.
Louisiana: This is how the US state votes
Compared to the other southern states, Louisiana is less conservative: it was only since 2000 that the Republicans regularly won the elections. Within the state, there is a difference between the voting behavior of rural and urban populations: conservative in the country and democratic in the city. A characteristic of this is that New Orleans and Baton Rouge are downright centers of democratic liberalism.
The citizens of Louisiana consistently voted Democrats from 1900 to 1952. In 1956 the Republicans were ahead for the first time. From then on, the results changed again and again, until Louisiana was clearly a “red state” from 2000.