The tummy tuck is a plastic surgery in the belly to remove fat and excess skin and, as with any surgery there are always some risks that are even larger when this surgery is performed combined with others such as liposuction or mammoplasty, for example. Learn how the surgery is done at: Tummy tuck.
Main risks and how to troubleshoot each one of them
The main risks of abdominoplasty include:
1. Accumulation of fluid in the scar
Is called a seroma, the accumulation of liquid exactly in the location of the scar, which usually arises when the person does not use the strap, which causes the body to have more difficulty in draining the excess fluids naturally produced after the plastic surgery.
What to do: you should wear the garment for the entire time directed by the doctor, which is usually 2 months, and during this period the belt should be taken only for taking a bath, being placed again the following. You should also ride with the trunk tilted forward and sleep always belly up.
In addition, you should also do about 30 sessions of manual lymphatic drainage to completely eliminate the liquids in excess. It is normal in the beginning to leave a larger amount of liquid, which can be seen with the naked eye, but with time the amount will decrease, but even so the outcome of the surgery will be better after these 30 sessions.
2. The scar crooked, or with excess skin
It is intimately connected to the experience of the surgeon and the more experience he has, the less will be the risk of getting a scar ugly or very noticeable.
What to do:it is recommended to choose a good plastic surgeon, recommended by people close to you that have already done the procedure and it is essential that it be accredited by the Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery, if this procedure is performed in Brazil.
3. Bruising on the abdomen
It is more common when the tummy tuck and liposuction together, because the passage of the cannula beneath the skin can rupture small spider veins of blood, which allows their extravasation, forming the marks purple that become visible on the skin of some people.
What to do: it is normal that the body itself eliminate the marks purple due to liposuction, but the doctor can prescribe some ointment to apply in the most painful.
4. Formation of fibrosis
Fibrosis is when the tissue is hardened in the locations where the cannula of the liposuction, as a form of defense of the body. This tissue hardened, can form the appearance of small elevations on the abdomen, compromising the result of plastic surgery.
What to do:to avoid that form the lymphatic drainage after surgery is essential, but after that the fabric already be formed, it is necessary to make a treatment with physiotherapy dermatofuncional, with devices such as micro current, radio frequency, and the manual therapy to standardize the skin and break down the places of fibrosis.
5. Infection of the surgical wound
This is a complication more rare of plastic surgery, which occurs when a doctor, nurse, or patient did not have the hygiene necessary to take care of the scar, allowing the entry and proliferation of germs. The local should form pus, and stay strong-smelling, compromising the outcome of the surgery.
What to do:if the location of the cut is reddish with pus or bad smell you should go to the doctor as soon as possible to solve the infection with the use of antibiotics.
6. Perda da sensibilidade
É muito comum depois de qualquer cirurgia a pessoa apresentar uma menor sensibilidade da pele ao toque nos locais próximos a cicatriz e por onde a cânula de lipoaspiração passou. No entanto, com o passar dos meses a sensibilidade volta ao normal.
What to do: massages in locations with lower sensitivity are a good strategy to solve this problem, and can be done with techniques such as kneading, clamping, small pats or temperature variations, for example.
7. Thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
These may be the most serious complications of any surgery, and happen when a blood clot forms inside a vein and then passes through the blood vessels and reach the heart or the lung, preventing the arrival of the air at that location.
What to do:to prevent it, the woman should stop taking birth control 2 months prior to operate and after the operation you should take the anticoagulants, such as Fraxiparina 8 hours after surgery, for at least 1 week, and always move your feet when you are lying down or sitting, during the rest period. To avoid thrombosis and other bleeding should also stop taking certain drugs pharmacy and natural before the surgery. See what are these remedies that do not can take before abdominoplasty.
Warning signs to go to the doctor
It is recommended to go to the doctor if you show the following signs or symptoms:
Difficulty in breathing;
The pain does not pass with the painkillers given by a doctor;
You have the bandage completely blood-stained, or has yellow or wet;
You have the drain filled with liquid;
Feel pain on the scar or if you are with a bad smell;
If the surgery site is warm, swollen, reddish or sore;
You are pale, no strength and feel tired all the time.
It is crucial to consult the doctor, because you may be developing a serious complication that can put at risk the safety and life of the patient.