Atopic dermatitis canine is an allergic disease of the skin that causes itching and is incurable, however there are various treatments to alleviate the signs.
The atopic dermatitis canine is an inflammatory disease, allergic and itchy (which cause itching) of the skin, with a genetic predisposition. Here, the immune system (the body’s defenses) develops an over-reaction when it comes into contact with a certain allergen (the agent that causes allergy). This event is defined as a hypersensitivity reaction.
ATOPIC DERMATITIS DOG: HOW IT HAPPENS?
Its etiology is somewhat complex and involves three pillars:
- Genetic predisposition;
- Impairment of the normal barrier function exerted by the skin;
- Changes of the immune system.
Atopic dermatitis canine makes the dogs more sensitive to certain allergens in the environment. These allergens are proteins that, when inhaled or absorbed through the skin, cause a hypersensitive reaction in the body. Each time that the cells of the immune system come into contact with these agents, the more exaggerated it is the reaction/ allergy.
The allergens that most commonly affect dogs are dust mites, pollens and fungi.
WHO IS MORE PREDISPOSED TO ATOPIC DERMATITIS CANINE?
Atopic dermatitis canine appears mostly in animals between the ages of 6 months and 3 years old.
There are certain breeds that are more predisposed, as is the case of the Terriers (Fox, Boston, Scottish , and West Highland White), Shar-Pei, Golden and Labrador Retriever, Dalmatian, Boxer, Lhasa Apso, Shih Tzu.
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