Surgery for varicose veins is used when other forms of non-invasive treatment, such as diet or use of stockings of compression, for example, have failed to eliminate or disguise the varicose veins.
There are several types of surgery to remove varicose veins of the legs, however, none is definitive, being that the varicose veins can reappear, especially if there is no care to control the weight, as a balanced diet or regular practice of physical exercise.
Thus, the most common types of surgery for varicose veins are:
In this technique, also known as sclerotherapy with foam, the doctor injects a special foam directly into the dilated veins that are causing varicose veins. This foam leads to the development of scars in the walls of the vein, causing it to close and preventing the blood to continue circulating by that vessel.
The injection is used a very fine needle and, for this reason, this type of treatment usually does not leave any type of scar on the skin. Learn more about how is made this type of surgery.
Price: the value foam injection in the varicose veins is approximately 200 dollars per session, and, therefore, the total price can vary according to the location of the treat, and the number of sessions needed.
Laser surgery is indicated to treat spider veins or varicose veins small, and is made with the light of a laser applied directly over the vessel of varicose. This light causes heat within the vessel. eliminating it slowly until it disappears completely.
Price: is approximately 300 dollars per treatment session, being that it may take several sessions to eliminate all of the varicose veins of the legs.
This type of surgery works in a very similar way to the surgery laser, because it uses the heat within the vessel to close the varicose. To do this, the doctor inserts a small catheter in the vein to be treated and, then, using radio frequency, warms the tip, leaving it hot enough to bring the vessel to close.
Price: normally the value is 250 dollars per session, but may be required up to 10 sessions, depending on the amount of varicose veins.
4. Microsurgery of varicose veins
Microsurgery of varicose veins, also known as flebectomia of movement, is done in the office of the vascular surgeon with local anesthesia. In this surgery, the doctor makes small cuts on the varicose veins and removes the vessels that are causing the varicose veins more superficial.
Although if you can return home the same day of the surgery, it is recommended to stay home for up to 7 days to allow the cuts to heal properly. This surgery allows you to remove varicose veins small and medium-size.
Price: around 1000 reais, which may vary according to the doctor, and the clinic selected.
5. Removal of the saphenous vein
This operation is also known as traditional surgery and is used in the case of varicose veins deeper or large. In these cases, the doctor makes a cut in the leg and removes the entire saphenous vein, which is not working properly. Thus, the blood continues circulating through other veins without lead to increased pressure for not being able to pass through the bypass.
The decrease of the pressure inside the vessels of the legs and reduces volume of varicose veins and prevents the formation of new, solving problems with varicose veins very large and spider veins, for example.
Price: depending on the complexity of the surgery, the amount can vary between 1000 and 2500 real.
How is the post-operative period
The post-operative period of the surgery of varicose veins depends on the type of surgery and, therefore, should always be indicated by the doctor. However, when there is cutting of the skin is recommended to make a rest between 2 days to 7 days, being allowed to move only to walk inside the house. In the recovery period is also indicated to use elastic stockings during the day, up to a period of 6 months.
After the first week of recovery, it is possible to start small trips outside the home, and can resume routine activities around 2 weeks. However you should avoid lifting weights and expose your legs to the sun in the first 2 months.
Other activities,such as the academy classes and step, should be initiated gradually and after the 1st month of recovery, under the guidance and supervision of the cardiologist or vascular surgeon.
Possible complications of varicose veins surgery
The complications that a surgery of varicose veins can bring include:
Infection of the veins;
Hematoma on the legs;
Pain in the legs;
Injury of the nerves of the leg.
These complications of varicose veins surgery have been lost, due to the development of new techniques and, typically, can be avoided if patients comply with the recommendations of the recovery.